In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. The Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god. Then the king ordered Ashpenaz, the chief of his officials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some of the royal family and of the nobles, youths in whom was no defect, who were good-looking, showing intelligence in every branch of wisdom, endowed with understanding and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for serving in the king's court; and he ordered him to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans.
From II Kings 24:21, we learn that Jehoiakim, king of Judah, had been serving Nebuchadnezzar for three years. However, Jehoiakim rebelled ... causing Nebuchadnezzar to once again come to Jerusalem and lay siege to it. After successfully conquering the city, Nebuchadnezzar decided to take captives of the brightest and best of the youth of the Jews and bring them back to Babylon. Thus, in the sovereign plan of God, the stage was set for Daniel, one of God's greatest saints, to put an indelible mark on the history of the Babylonian, Persian and Medo-Persian empires. Daniel's life and writings would impact the Jewish people as well and, ultimately, every child of God all the way down to our present day. Among the lessons learned from Daniel's book, is that the true and living God is great and sovereign. His ways are higher than the heavens and his purposes are beyond finding out. He is mysterious and wonderful and his children can trust him in their darkest hours. He rules over the affairs of men. He is in control and he takes care of his own. As we have it in Isaiah 55:8-9,
'For My thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways,' declares the LORD. 'For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts.'
And again, in Romans 8:28,
And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to His purpose."
Our God works his own perfect will in the affairs of nations and men and in the lives of his children. As we have it in Ephesians 1:11,
..also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will...
But, someone might say, what about all the Christians that are being slaughtered by Islam around the world ... specially in Syria and Myanmar and Pakistan and across Africa? Is God taking care of his own where they are concerned? The answer is, Yes, beloved. Absolutely. Awful as these atrocities are, our God is in control. As Jesus put it in Matthew 10:28,
do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But
rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
moment, a saint is in the merciless hands of murderers ... the next
moment, he or she find themselves in the loving arms of Jesus ... never
again to suffer pain or fear or any other atrocity for all eternity. Consider the martyrs of the 5th Seal
Judgment found in Revelation 6. We learn there that many believers will
lose their lives during the coming awful days of the Tribulation. During those dark days, they will be arriving in Heaven by the score. There, they are seen as valued sacrifices and they are assured that, ultimately, they will be thoroughly avenged by their just and sovereign God and Savior.
when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of
them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which
they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and
true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on
the earth? And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it
was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season,
until their fellow servants also and their brethren, that should be
killed as they were, should be fulfilled. Rev. 6:9-11
Coming back to our text, notice that Nebuchadnezzar confiscated many of the golden vessels from God's house (the temple at Jerusalem), and took them to the house of his god in Babylon. This seemingly insignificant act, set the stage for his son, Belshazzar, to stupidly use these sacred items as dinner utensils at a drunken orgy he would throw. That resulted in an intervention by the true and living God by way of the miraculous handwriting on the wall event ... resulting in the fall of the Babylonian Empire that very same night ... ending pure Babylonian reign ... and delivering its territories into the hands of Darius the Mede. The name, Darius, there, was more of a title than a name and probably refers to Cyrus's son, Cambyses. We will read more about him when we get to chapter 5. But, again, the lesson to be grasped here is that our God is sovereign over nations and men and the lives of his people. We see this being systematically worked out in the lives of Daniel and his friends. As we have it in Psalm 37:23,
The steps of a good man are ordered of the Lord: and he delights in his way.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Of all the captives taken to Babylon, these four young Hebrews were the crème de la crème. Therefore, Nebuchadnezzar ordered that they were to eat and drink the best of the best ... food and drink from his own table. They were being groomed to be a part of the elite of Babylon ... which explains the intense jealousy of the Chaldeans of the court that we will read about a bit later. Also, accordingly, these four young men were assigned new names. How difficult that must have been for these devout young Hebrews. Their Hebrew names contained of a form of the name of the true and living God. But, their new Chaldean names contained a name of one of the dumb idols of Babylon (4:8)!
Let's step aside here for a moment. When God delivered the Jews from captivity in Egypt, the Hebrews had adopted many of the gods of Egypt and were idol worshipers. When Moses went up on Mount Sinai to receive the Law, you will remember that the people promptly built themselves a golden calf to worship. The Jewish people never shook that evil and stupid tendency until the days of which we are now reading ... the days of their final captivity in Babylon. Idol worship had dogged them throughout their history. It was idol worship that led to the annihilation and captivity of the northern kingdom of Israel by the Assyrians in 722 BC. And, it was idol worship that led to the subsequent annihilation of the southern kingdom of Judah by the Babylonians in 586. Now, believe you me, the Jews who survived those great calamitous judgments by the one true and living God, had really gotten their noses rubbed in their sin of idolatry! From the days of this Babylonian captivity, the Lord's command ... Thou shalt have no other gods before me ... took on a new meaning. Following the Babylonian captivity, the Jewish people never again allowed themselves to be entangled in idolatry! They had had the cure.
May we step aside? Often, the cure for a besetting sin in a believer's life is akin to what the Jews experienced. God just keeps rubbing their noses in the sin until they become so sick of it that, ever after, they don't want to have anything more to do with it. God often uses the terrible consequences of sin to bring about its cure in the lives of his people. Jacob's bent to always be scheming, conniving, deceiving and stealing comes to mind (Gen. 27-36).______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Young Daniel was a man of God. He
greatly valued and carefully kept the Mosaic Covenant his God had made with the Hebrew people
at Mount Sinai. To him and his friends, God's Law was
paramount. They were committed to obey all of their God's commands. So, to indiscriminately eat things from king Nebuchadnezzar's table that were forbidden in the Law of their God simply was not an option for them. To do so meant they would be defiled and cut off from their God. However, this was a delicate situation. They must also not offend the King. The level of their commitment to their God will be greatly magnified to us when we come to the story of the fiery furnace in chapter 3.
So, Daniel and his three friends, set about to find a way not to depart from the dietary requirements of their God as laid down in his Law. If you would care to read up on these requirements, they can be found in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14. The Babylonians were under no such laws and, therefore, had no compunction whatever about anything they might eat. They routinely indulged in the partaking of many foods that had been forbidden to the people of God.
Quickly, Daniel and his fellows, came up with a plan. Through Daniel, they requested the overseer that they be allowed to eat only vegetables for ten days. Their request frightened Nebuchadnezzar's officer, however, because the food he was instructed to give to these young men had been ordered by the king himself ... food and drink from the king's own table. To disobey, he told Daniel, would be to forfeit my head!
However, God's sovereign hand intervened. Our text says, God granted Daniel favor with the man and he went ahead and allowed Daniel's plan to be tried. Does that surprise you? It does me. Amazing! Because of the hand of Almighty God, this officer of the Babylonian court made a decision contrary to the direct edict of his king which ... if found out ... or if it backfired ... would have cost him his own life! God can certainly change a mind, can he not? As you have it in Proverbs 16:7,
When a man's ways please the LORD, He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.
And again, in Romans 8:31b,
If God be for us, who can be against?
And, again, in Proverbs 56:9,
He keeps the paths of judgment and preserves the way of his saints.
So, the overseer agreed to the test period suggested by Daniel that he and his friends be allowed to eat only vegetables for ten days. And, when the test period had expired, Daniel and his friends were found not only to be the picture of health but even better than all the other captives as well who, by the way, had ignored the Law of their God and had been eating the delicacies of the king's table! God is good. Is he not? He takes care of his own, especially those who go out on a limb for him.
As for these four youths, God gave them knowledge and intelligence in every branch of literature and wisdom; Daniel even understood all kinds of visions and dreams. Then at the end of the days which the king had specified for presenting them, the commander of the officials presented them before Nebuchadnezzar. The king talked with them, and out of them all not one was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they entered the king's personal service. As for every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and conjurers who were in all his realm. And Daniel continued until the first year of Cyrus the king.
Wow. You know, when God gives someone understanding, knowledge and wisdom ... it's a wonderful thing to behold. The Apostle Paul wrote to the Colossians,
...we have not ceased to pray for you and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding... Colossians 1:9b
Am I reading that right? Is
that saying that the capacity of a believer to be filled with the
knowledge of God's will and all spiritual
wisdom and understanding is predicated on whether or not God
decides to give it? Yes, it is. Therefore, if you and I really want to get to know
God ... it must be granted. Therefore, it becomes a matter of prayer ... individually ... as well as prayer by others on our behalf. Right? Right. Has anyone ever prayed like that for you, dear saint? I hope so ... even
as I hope so for myself, as well. When God grants it then, it is very important to give him all the glory because ... what do any of us have that we have not
received from him? Real knowledge, real understanding and real wisdom always must come from the wonderful hand of our great and loving God ... via his Spirit and his Word ... and as a result of prayerful desire. The importance of this cannot be underestimated.
commandments make me wiser than my enemies,
For they are ever mine.
I have more insight than all my teachers,
For Your testimonies are my meditation.
I understand more than the aged,
Because I have observed Your precepts. Psalm 119:98-100
Because Daniel and his
friends put God first, he imparted to them great
understanding, knowledge and wisdom in
that far off and unfamiliar land of their captivity. In fact,
they probably received far more from the hand of their God in Babylon than they might
ever have had, had they been left comfortably back home. God gave
Daniel and his friends a supernatural grasp of the Chaldean language, culture and knowledge ... that exceeded by a factor
of ten ... the knowledge of the native "Intelligencia" of Nebuchadnezzar's court!
Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah knew
more and were far wiser than all the other wise men that served
king Nebuchadnezzar and he promoted them
accordingly. All praise be to God from whom all blessings flow. Amen?
This brings a thought to mind. You and I, like Daniel and his friends, are living in a distant and foreign land, as well ... down here in Satan's dark kingdom on planet Earth. We are far from our true home in Heaven. We literally reside in a great, dark, pagan kingdom that is ruled over by the Prince of Darkness. However, our Lord has provided all that we need for our sojourn down here if, like Daniel and his friends, we avail ourselves of his provisions and commit to walk closely with him (John 15).
But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus. Phil. 4:19
Now, allow me to lay out a bit of historical groundwork before we begin our study of this next passage. It is needed so we can orient our thinking in regard to God's broad plan in human history. An incredible shift took place in Daniel's time ... a major shift in God's sovereign plan for his people and for our world. I personally believe that, time-wise, it took place right in the midst of Daniel's writing of the passage of which we are about to study ... specifically ... as he was penning verse 4.
When God chose the Jewish people for his own, he entered into a covenant with them. He would be their God and they would be his people. Part of that agreement, from his side, was that he would literally dwell among them. So, when the covenant was in place, and Moses and the people of Israel had finished building the tabernacle in the wilderness, God Himself came down to Earth and took up his dwelling place there ... right in the midst of his people. At that exact point in time, a Theocracy existed on the earth and God Himself dwelt at a specific location here. His dwelling place was within the Holy of Holies, the inner sanctum of the Tabernacle of Moses. When it moved ... God moved. Later, when Solomon finished building a permanent house for God, the Temple at Jerusalem, we read that God's presence moved from its residence inside Moses' portable Tabernacle to dwell within the Holy of Holies (naos) inside of Solomon's Temple.
Now, everyone knows that the true and living God cannot be confined to any one place. Solomon himself acknowledged that fact in his prayer at the dedication of the Temple.
But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the highest heaven cannot contain You, how much less this house which I have built! ... that Your eyes may be open toward this house night and day, toward the place of which You have said, 'My name shall be there,' to listen to the prayer which Your servant shall pray toward this place. I Kings 8:27,29
Nevertheless, in a very wonderful and mysterious way that you and I cannot fully understand (similar to trying to explain the Trinity), God did, in fact, take up his central dwelling place within Solomon's Temple ... just as he had previously done in Moses' Tabernacle. Furthermore, he continued dwelling there in the midst of his chosen people for several hundred years. As you have it in Exodus and I Chronicles,
Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud had settled on it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Exodus 40:34-35
Now when Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the LORD filled the house. The priests could not enter into the house of the LORD because the glory of the LORD filled the LORD'S house. I Chronicles 7:1-2 (KJV)
I say all of this because, that amazing reality of the earthly Theocracy ... that, unprecedented phenomena of God Himself literally dwelling on earth in the midst of his people, Israel ... came to an end during the days of Daniel and Ezekiel's captivity in Babylon. Furthermore, the prophet Ezekiel actually witnessed the Lord's departure from earth to return back to Heaven ... having been transported by God's Spirit back to the destroyed Temple at Jerusalem to witness it. This was a remarkable experience for Ezekiel and its significance cannot be over emphasized. Let's look at it together ... in sequence ... from the book of Ezekiel.
Ezekiel 10:4-5 ... Then the glory of the
LORD went up from the cherub to
the threshold of the temple,
and the temple was filled with
the cloud and the court was
filled with the brightness of
the glory of the LORD. Moreover,
the sound of the wings of the
cherubim was heard as far as the
outer court, like the voice of
God Almighty when He speaks.
Ezekiel 11:23 ... The
glory of the LORD
went up from the
midst of the city
and stood over the
mountain which is
east of the city.
What Ezekiel observed was the actual departure of the God of Glory (cherubim and all) from his dwelling place at the then destroyed Temple at Jerusalem. Almost all the Jews were gone from the land and scattered. Jerusalem was deserted. The northern kingdom of Israel had been given into the hands of the Assyrians ... to this day, referred to as the ten lost tribes of Israel. The southern kingdom of Judah had followed in the footsteps of its northern brother and had been given into the hands of the Babylonians. The city of Jerusalem ... had been literally plowed by Nebuchadnezzar, its Temple destroyed, and, where the Holy of Holies had once stood, apparently, someone had set up a blasphemous idol! The presence of the God of Israel, however, was still right there at his dwelling place ... midst the ruins of the Holy of Holies ... which had now become the seat of the idol of jealousy. What an utterly tragic, desolate and forlorn picture greeted the eyes of Ezekiel on that day!
As Ezekiel looked on, suddenly he saw the Glory of the Lord lift from its dwelling place among the ruins ... accompanied by the thunderous sound of Cherubim wings ... like the voice of Almighty God when He speaks. Cherubim, by the way, are creatures that were specifically created for the protection and moving of the throne of God. You can find a discussion of them in my commentary on Revelation in chapter one at http://biblebookofrevelation.com/ch1.htm.
As Ezekiel continued
the Glory of the
Lord, slowly, reluctantly, it seems, rose up ... and ... then, moved away from the site of the Holy of Holies. Then, as Ezekiel watched ... it moved off to
the entrance of
the east gate of the
This is significant, by the way, because it is the
exact path, in
reverse, that Jesus
will one day
take when he returns
to this exact same spot!
As Ezekiel continued
to watch, it then lifted up
slowly moved off out over the
destroyed city ... crossing
over the Kidron
Valley and moving up
to hover above the
Mount of Olives.
Ezekiel was then
whisked away back to
Babylon and the Glory
of the Lord was last seen
hovering there ... above
the Mount of Olives.
It was a scene for weeping. The word, Ichabod, comes to mind, from I Samuel 4:21. That Hebrew word means, the glory of the Lord has departed and, indeed, it had done just that. The fact that the Lord was last seen hovering over the Mount of Olives was, in my mind, prophetically pregnant with meaning ... for it would be from that very place, that one day the Lord of Glory, Israel's Messiah, would leave his people once again ... from that very same spot ... to ascend back into Heaven, having been crucified and utterly rejected by Israel. As you have it in Acts 1:9-12a,
day. At that time,
We are still living today in that time period. It is an era in the economy of God that is still running its course and will continue to do so until the Lord of Glory returns again to our world. When that occurs, at the Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, Christ himself will return to the exact spot from which he left two times before ... the Mount of Olives ... once in Ezekiel and Daniel's day ... and once again, after his resurrection in Peter and Paul's day. So, in the near future, he is scheduled to set his feet on the Mount of Olives, once again. Then, he will cross over the Kidron Valley and enter back through the eastern gate of Jerusalem ... and on through the east gate of his Temple to ... suddenly come to his temple (Malachi 3:1).
The moment Christ Jesus sets foot on the Mount of Olives, the times of the gentiles will have come to an end and, from that day forward, there will once again be a Theocracy on Earth ... and the long-awaited Kingdom of our God and His Christ will reign supreme. It will be a Theocracy and Kingdom that will cover the entire planet and Christ will rule and reign supreme for a thousand years (Revelation 20:4). As we have it in Zechariah 14:3-4, 8-9,
Then the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle. In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south.
And in that day living waters will flow out of Jerusalem, half of them toward the eastern sea and the other half toward the western sea; it will be in summer as well as in winter. And the LORD will be king over all the earth; in that day the LORD will be the only one, and His name the only one...
To sum up, I believe that just as Daniel was writing this very passage we are about to look at ... and, probably right at the exact moment when he switched from Hebrew to Aramaic ... right here at verse four ... the Glory of the Lord began to depart back to Heaven from Jerusalem and the times of the gentiles began on Earth.
Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylon then came to full bloom and theocratic Israel ... no longer existed. The Glory of the Lord had left the Holy of Holies (naos) at Jerusalem ... and, the times of the gentiles had begun. And, Nebuchadnezzar had a dream.
Now, let's look at our passage.
Now in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was troubled and his sleep left him. Then the king gave orders to call in the magicians, the conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king. The king said to them, 'I had a dream and my spirit is anxious to understand the dream.' Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic: 'O king, live forever! Tell the dream to your servants, and we will declare the interpretation.' The king replied to the Chaldeans, 'The command from me is firm: if you do not make known to me the dream and its interpretation, you will be torn limb from limb and your houses will be made a rubbish heap. But if you declare the dream and its interpretation, you will receive from me gifts and a reward and great honor; therefore declare to me the dream and its interpretation.' They answered a second time and said, "Let the king tell the dream to his servants, and we will declare the interpretation.' The king replied, 'I know for certain that you are bargaining for time, inasmuch as you have seen that the command from me is firm, that if you do not make the dream known to me, there is only one decree for you for you have agreed together to speak lying and corrupt words before me until the situation is changed; therefore tell me the dream, that I may know that you can declare to me its interpretation.' The Chaldeans answered the king and said, 'There is not a man on earth who could declare the matter for the king, inasmuch as no great king or ruler has ever asked anything like this of any magician, conjurer or Chaldean. Moreover, the thing which the king demands is difficult, and there is no one else who could declare it to the king except gods, whose dwelling place is not with mortal flesh.' Because of this the king became indignant and very furious and gave orders to destroy all the wise men of Babylon.
Daniel, chapter 2, is one of the great prophetic chapters of the Bible. The scepter of David had been removed and placed into Gentile hands. It will not be taken back again until "nail pierced" hands take it back. Accordingly, Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, received a dream from God. It was not your "run of the mill" dream. He must have awakened in a sweat. It troubled him so much that he couldn't go back to sleep. The dream was of such a nature that Nebuchadnezzar knew immediately that it was of supernatural origin. Therefore, anxious to understand the dream, he quickly summoned anyone and everyone in his realm who claimed to have metaphysical powers, wisdom or knowledge ... to come before him. Four groups responded to the call ... the magicians, conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans.
[A side note here: the Chaldeans were a people that had conquered and occupied the land of Babylon, long before it was called Babylon. Technically, they were not Babylonians. Hence, they were a distinct group within Babylonian society and were fiercely jealous of their origins and positions in the kingdom.]
Now, Nebuchadnezzar was wise in not telling his dream to all these fellows that showed up. Rather, he insisted that they tell him both his dream and its interpretation. He didn't want to be "bamboozled," you see. He knew his dream was of such import that he dare not risk putting it into the hands of "fly by night" charlatans. The magicians, conjurers, sorcerers and Chaldeans were equivalent to our modern day astrologers, mediums, palm readers, psychics and so on. So, it was wise of Nebuchadnezzar to put them to the test before he accepted any interpretation from them.
Let's step aside here a moment. You know, millions of dollars are spent around the world today on similar kinds of hocus pocums.
I recall one Internet site that, for $36, offered to tell people about
their "past lives". What utter balderdash.
Nebuchadnezzar's principle of "you tell me my dream first ... then I'll listen to what you have to say" ... was a great, and not unreasonable test and would be a good principle for the gullible to follow today. Why not test those charlatans? They claim to be "in touch" with the supernatural. Make them prove it. Nebuchadnezzar did. He called their hand on it. He wanted to know the truth. He didn't want a bunch of malarkey! His so called "wise men" objected vociferously. They said ... Listen, dear king, you're being unreasonable ... no great king or ruler has ever asked such a thing before and there is not a man on earth who could declare your dream without hearing it first! Only the gods could do what you are asking. That statement was probably the closest to the truth that any of these fellows had ever come up with. Their argument, however, fell on deaf ears and, with great fury, Nebuchadnezzar simply ordered them all to be killed!
Even though they were still in training, Daniel and his friends found themselves lumped in with all the other wise men of Babylon that the king's decree had scheduled for execution. Hence, Arioch, the king's commander, arrived on their doorstep to do his job and kill them. Daniel, however, managed to acquire an immediate audience with Nebuchadnezzar. I admire Daniel's coolness and confidence. Basically, he simply said to Nebuchadnezzar, Give me a little time and I'll tell you your dream and its interpretation. Was he just buying time? I think not. Daniel knew that all he and his friends needed to do was simply tell their need to their God and he would handle the rest. It's a wonderful thing to observe a believer who operates on this level, by the way ... a child of God who is mature enough not to panic but to lay everything at the feet of their Lord and then leave it there. That is a demonstration of true faith ... true relationship and true maturity at work in shoe-leather. Every believer must learn to put the ball in God's court and leave it there. Then, let whatever comes, come. As we have it in I Peter 5:7,
Casting all your care on him for he cares for you
'Let the name of God be blessed forever and ever,
For wisdom and power belong to Him.
It is He who changes the times and the epochs;
He removes kings and establishes kings;
He gives wisdom to wise men
And knowledge to men of understanding.
It is He who reveals the profound and hidden things;
He knows what is in the darkness,
And the light dwells with Him.
To You, O God of my fathers, I give thanks and praise,
For You have given me wisdom and power;
Even now You have made known to me what we requested of You,
For You have made known to us the king's matter.'
This is one of the great praises of the Bible. It truly needs to be read and re-read and cries out to be meditated upon. As I was in the midst of writing this chapter, Daniel's inspired praise really spoke to me. It's a prayer of the Spirit, you see. It rings like a great golden bell of truth. Let the name of God be blessed forever and ever. It is so easy for we, children of the living God, to think that we know something ... that we have "discovered" something ... that we can teach something ... perhaps that we can even write something of truth and importance ... that we have something to offer that came from us ... our ability to understand ... our study ... our training ... our insight ... but, beloved, may I say to you, if you or I know anything, understand anything, have any degree of knowledge or wisdom or whatever ... it all came from God. It has all been given to us. John 16:13, says,
But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.
As it was with Daniel, so it is with us as well. So, like him, let us always be quick to say, Let the name of God be blessed forever and ever. Daniel gave God all the glory.
Another thing we see in Daniel's prayer here is his statement ... It is He who changes the times and the epochs. Such as? Well, one thing that comes to mind is how God has, from time to time, changed the way that he deals with men. I call the result of those changes ... dispensations. You might call them something else. Dispensation is a good Bible word, however. As you have it in Ephesians 1:10,
That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him...
In the history of God's dealings with men, then, God has changed his methodology from time to time, according to his own will. And, these changes resulted in a period of time, epoch, or era or dispensation, when the dealings of God with men were markedly different from what they were before or would be after. For example, almost everyone agrees that God dealt with his Jewish people under the Law (instituted at Mount Sinai), very differently than he deals with them in this present age as described in the New Testament ... the dispensation of grace (instituted at the Cross of Christ). So, there are at least two great dispensations in the Bible ... the dispensation of the Law (Old Testament) and the dispensation of Grace (the lion's share of the New Testament). Truly... It is He who changes the times and the epochs.
One last thought, before we move on. It is clear that Daniel and his friends recognized the power of corporate prayer. Together, they took their problems before God. Jesus said in Matthew 18:19,
Again I say unto you that if two of you shall agree on earth as touching anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in Heaven.
It was in the midst of corporate prayer, that Christ chose to send his Holy Spirit in Acts 2. Also, it was by corporate prayer that God sprung Peter from prison in Acts 12. Someone has said ... A church will never amount to a hill of beans for the Kingdom of God unless it is willing to get on its knees together before God. When the people of God get serious and come to God together, things happen. Daniel and his friends brought their problem to the God of Heaven ... together. And, God answered. This name, by the way, the God of Heaven, is found almost exclusively in the captivity books of the Bible ... Ezra, Nehemiah, Ezekiel and Daniel. These were books written after the God of Glory had departed from the Temple and was no longer on the earth, you see.
Therefore, Daniel went in to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon; he went and spoke to him as follows: 'Do not destroy the wise men of Babylon! Take me into the king's presence, and I will declare the interpretation to the king.' Then Arioch hurriedly brought Daniel into the king's presence and spoke to him as follows: 'I have found a man among the exiles from Judah who can make the interpretation known to the king!' The king said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, 'Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen and its interpretation?' Daniel answered before the king and said, 'As for the mystery about which the king has inquired, neither wise men, conjurers, magicians nor diviners are able to declare it to the king. However, there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will take place in the latter days. This was your dream and the visions in your mind while on your bed. As for you, O king, while on your bed your thoughts turned to what would take place in the future; and He who reveals mysteries has made known to you what will take place. But as for me, this mystery has not been revealed to me for any wisdom residing in me more than in any other living man, but for the purpose of making the interpretation known to the king, and that you may understand the thoughts of your mind.
This must have all occurred quite rapidly because, when Daniel went to Arioch, the man had not yet begun to carry out his orders to execute all the wise men of Babylon. He informed Arioch that he knew the interpretation of the king's dream. Immediately, Arioch ushered him in before the king. Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen and its interpretation, Nebuchadnezzar asked? His tone was, no doubt, skeptical. I don't blame him, do you? He had never known anything but the so-called wisdom of his magicians and their ilk, and he was so fed up with them that he had ordered them all executed.
...the wisdom of this world is foolishness before God for it is written, 'He is the one who catches the wise in their craftiness'
And again, in I Corinthians 1:20, 25, 27-28, Where is the wise man? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men...
...but God has chosen the foolish things of the world to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to shame the things which are strong, and the base things of the world and the despised God has chosen, the things that are not, so that He may nullify the things that are...
Where is the wise man? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men...
Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men...
"chase a rabbit" here for a moment. Some time ago, the supposed great
evolutionary "missing link" was unveiled in New York City. Having
uncovered a well preserved fossil of a monkey that supposedly existed
forty-seven million years ago (called Ida), the fossil was put
on display at the Museum of Natural History in New York City (May 19,
2009). They said it had been preserved in Germany's Messel Pit and
measured approximately 3 feet in length and that the Norwegian
paleontologist, Dr. Jorn Horum, of the University of Oslo, had led a
team that had been secretly studying it for the past two years. Over
the weekend, television spots trumpeted again and again that this was
"the missing link" between apes and humans, which scientists had so
long been looking for and that it would completely "change history." My
what wisdom (sic)! Makes one wonder if ... the wisdom of this world is foolishness before God ... what must the foolishness of man be?
All during his reign, Nebuchadnezzar had been subjected to a court full of fools and probably, more often than not, had been served up a crock full of their baloney! But now a young man stood before him the like of which he had never seen or heard before ... a young, truthful and humble man of God. What an impression Daniel's straight-forward words and wisdom must have made. Surely, they must have made Nebuchadnezzar catch his breath. Daniel had his facts straight, his own standing before God straight and his spiritual head screwed on right. There is a God in Heaven who reveals mysteries, he replied to Nebuchadnezzar. He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will take place in the latter days. It was not given to me because I am wiser than any other man. God gave it to me because he wants you to know what will take place in the future.
This is one of the most remarkable prophetic dreams God has ever given to men. What you saw in your dream, Daniel said, was a single great statue. It was striking in splendor and awesome in appearance. Its:
1. ... head ... was made of fine gold
2. ... breast and arms were of silver
3. ... belly and its thighs were of bronze
4. ... legs were of iron
5. ... and, its feet were partly of iron and partly of clay.
Then, as you watched, a stone was cut out without hands and it struck the statue on its feet, instantly smashing them and crushing the entire statue to powder. Its residue was, like chaff from the summer threshing floor, and the wind blew them away until there was not a trace of them left anywhere on the face of the earth. But the stone that struck the statue grew into a great mountain and filled the whole earth. This was your dream, king Nebuchadnezzar. And now, we will tell you the meaning of it.
The awesome statue, Nebuchadnezzar saw in his dream, was a picture of what Jesus would later call ... the times of the Gentiles. Here are his words and another scripture that refers to this period of time as well. Jesus said,
And they (the Jews) shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled. Luke 21:24
The Apostle Paul said,
...that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:
'The Deliverer will come out of Zion,
And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob...' Romans 11:25b-26a (NKJV)
is apparent, from Nebuchadnezzar's dream, and its subsequent precise
fulfillments, that the God of the Bible is in firm control of Earth's
history and is orchestrating it ... inexorably ... toward the Day of
Christ ... as sure as the waters of a river ultimately flow to the sea.
It was this time period ... called
the times of the gentiles
... that was revealed in Nebuchadnezzar's
dream and has been running its course from Nebuchadnezzar's day ... right
on down through history to our day. And, it will continue until Christ
himself arrives and puts an end to it when he himself takes over and
reigns supreme over all the earth.
This dream was given to king Nebuchadnezzar because he was the first in line to hold Gentile dominance over Israel and Jerusalem, where God's Temple and Theocracy had been centered. So, Nebuchadnezzar was the first Gentile king to "kick off" the times of the Gentiles. After him, the dream predicted, there would follow three more great empires (each of which also would dominate Israel and Jerusalem). When we come to chapter 7, we will learn that in the distant future, the last of these four empires will reconstitute itself into a federation of ten kings. And, during the days of those ten kings, God will set up a Kingdom on Earth that will eliminate Gentile dominance over Israel and the holy city ... once and for all.
So, Nebuchadnezzar's dream was a dream about man's day on the earth. It is a day when Gentiles and Gentile kingdoms dominate the holy land, along with Jerusalem and its Temple Mount, and rule over men. It is a time period in the economy of God in which, technically, you and I are still living ... way down here, some 2600 plus years after Nebuchadnezzar's dream was given. I say, "technically" because the Church Age was not revealed in the Old Testament and it acts like a giant "pause" in the middle of the times of the Gentiles. So, all the 4 great empires of Nebuchadnezzar's dream have now come and gone. All that now remains is the future 10, king confederation (represented by the feet and toes of the statue in Nebuchadnezzar's dream). According to the dream, it will arise from the ashes of the fourth kingdom in the last days (Daniel 7). During the days of those 10, kings, the Gentile's day of dominion on earth will finally expire. We know, from other scriptures, this will come about at the end of the Great Tribulation with the Second Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ (Revelation 19). He is the stone ... cut out without hands in Nebuchadnezzar's dream who end the times of the gentiles. God's day and the Kingdom of his Son will then come on earth and Christ Jesus will reign supreme from God's Temple at Jerusalem ... and God's Theocracy will have been restored. This fast approaching Day of Christ cannot be stopped. We have the Word of God on it.
Now, let's break down Nebuchadnezzar's dream a bit more precisely. In retrospect, we can easily identify the specific kingdoms in Nebuchadnezzar's dream. The head of gold on the statue represented the Babylonian Empire. It began in 624 BC. The empire that followed, represented by the breast and arms of silver on the statue, was the Medo-Persian Empire, beginning in 538 BC. It was followed by the Grecian Empire, represented by the belly and thighs of bronze. It began in 330 BC. The fourth and final empire, represented by the legs of iron and feet of iron mixed with clay, was the Roman Empire, beginning around 160 BC. The final feet and toes of iron mixed with clay represent another yet future manifestation of the Roman Empire ... consisting of a confederation of 10, kings. To date, they have yet to rise on the world scene. The fact that iron was a part of their make up in the statue, indicates they will be remnants of the old Roman Empire.
There are actually two prophetic records in Daniel of these four Empires, the one here in chapter 2, then later, we will find them again in chapter 7. Why two records? Well, chapter 2, gives them to us from the Gentile perspective. Chapter 7, gives them to us from the Jewish perspective. Chapter 7, also tells us that, in those last days, Antichrist will play a key role in the final 10, king Gentile confederation on earth.
There may be something else to notice here in regards to these ancient kingdoms. Note the nature of the metals that represent these kingdoms. The metals increase in strength. This probably points to the fact that each of the empires became more militarily formidable. On the other hand, each of the metals are progressively less precious. This, probably speaks of their moral and spiritual deterioration.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Here's a chart of these Gentile kingdoms as described in Daniel ... along with their symbols and identity:
EMPIRE CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 7 CHAPTER 8
Babylon HEAD of gold LION
Medo-Persia BREAST AND ARMS of silver BEAR RAM (8:20)
Greece WAIST AND THIGHS of brass LEOPARD HE-GOAT (8:21)
Rome LEGS of iron, FEET (toes inferred) of iron mixed with clay BEAST with 10 horns
Everlasting Kingdom STONE cut out without hands (Christ) THE SON OF MAN (7:13-14)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Here are a few specifics about the four Empires, as symbolized in Nebuchadnezzar's dream:
BABYLON ... Of the four great empires and their rulers, Nebuchadnezzar did the best job. His capital city of Babylon, with its immense walls, its Tower of Belus, its hanging gardens ... were noted as one of the seven wonders of the world. The prophet Isaiah called it the golden city and the glory of the kingdoms. Jeremiah said it was the praise of the whole earth. Nebuchadnezzar didn't realize where it had all come from, however, until God made him eat grass like an ox (Daniel 4).
MEDO-PERSIA ... The greatest leader of this empire was Cyrus, who conquered Babylon in 538 BC. He reigned supreme from India to Ethiopia over 127 provinces. Ezra 1:2, records his words as follows,
Thus saith Cyrus, king of Persia, 'The Lord God of Heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth.'
GREECE ... This great civilization dominated the known world by means of its great conqueror, Alexander the Great. He overthrew the Persian king, Darius Codomannus, in 333 BC. He too was made to realize that God had a firm hand on human history. When he and his armies approached Jerusalem, they were met by Jaddua, the High Priest, dressed in his pontifical robe and accompanied by a long procession of priests in white. Then, Jaddua showed Alexander the Great ... the book of Daniel and read to him the prophecies concerning him in chapter 2, his depiction as a Leopard in chapter 7, and his portrayal as the He Goat of chapter 8. Alexander was so impressed that he turned his armies around and spared Jerusalem. Later, it is said that he wept when there was no one left of the known world to conquer.
ROME ... This great, long-lived Empire, was coming to full bloom during the days when Jesus walked upon the earth. It had been in existence for nearly 200 years at that time, but it came into real power when Julius Caesar was appointed as perpetual dictator in 42 BC. One of the best-known Latin phrases refer to it as Imperium Romanum. This empire persisted for hundreds of years ... all the way down to the time of Theodosius in AD 395. After that, it was divided into two segments, the Western Roman Empire, which endured on until its collapse in AD 476, and the Eastern Empire (or Byzantine Empire) which endured all the way down to AD 1453. It has been noted that all of the other three empires were conquered from without, but Rome fell apart from within.
The Bible predicts that the Roman Empire will once again take center stage in the last days, as prophesied in Nebuchadnezzar's dream. In a very real way, she still lives on today in the peoples and nations of Europe. In Italy, Spain, France, Germany, England and others, her laws, her Latin rooted languages and her war-like spirit lives on. Dr. J. Vernon McGee observed that many have tried to put her back together again. The Roman Catholic Church tried. Charlemagne, Napoleon, Mussolini and many German emperors, including Hitler, tried to do it ... but they all failed. It won't be accomplished until Antichrist arises. He will get the job done along with his 10, king confederation in the last days. We will read about that when we come to chapter 7.
You and I live in exciting times. I believe we are very close to the final days of the times of the Gentiles, symbolized by the feet of the statue in Nebuchadnezzar's dream. The iron in those feet probably speak of the fact that the Roman Antichrist's final empire will be as hard and invulnerable as ancient Rome from which it springs. The clay probably refers to the 10, king confederation ... representing the masses of peoples who will mix into it.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Here are a few dates that may be helpful to put into perspective the broad historical scope of Nebuchadnezzar's dream:
624 BC The rise of Babylonian Empire
606 BC Daniel taken to Babylon
587 BC The final fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar
538 BC The rise of the Medo-Persian Empire
445 BC Artaxerxes' edict to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem
338 BC The rise of the Grecian Empire
168 BC The times of the Maccabees
160 BC+ - The rise of the Roman Empire
AD 32+ - The death and resurrection of Jesus Christ
AD 32 to Present The Church Age
AD 2019+ The Rapture of the Church (I Thessalonians 4:16-17) which will kick off a 7-year Tribulation Period on Earth (Matt. 24, 25; Rev. 6-18).
[7 years later]: The Second Coming of Jesus Christ (the stone of Daniel 2 and the Son of man of Daniel 7) to destroy and close the times of the Gentiles and to set up his long awaited and everlasting Kingdom.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Here are a few final thoughts about the stone aspect of Nebuchadnezzar's dream. Notice that the stone struck the image and smashed it to pieces. One day, man's day will come to a sudden, climactic, catastrophic and violent end by means of the direct intervention of the Judge of the whole earth ... the Lord Jesus Christ himself. That is a day which is fast approaching ... the day when Christ will, once and for all, return to Earth and put down man's rebellion against God. Here are a few scriptures that speak to this:
the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations, as
when He fights on a day of battle. In that day His feet will
stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem
on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle
from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the
mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the
Jesus said to them, 'Did you never read in the Scriptures,
stone which the builders rejected,
this became the chief corner stone;
this came about from the Lord,
and it is marvelous in our eyes"?
And he who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.' Matthew 21:42,44
Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face and did homage to Daniel, and gave orders to present to him an offering and fragrant incense. The king answered Daniel and said, 'Surely your God is a God of gods and a Lord of kings and a revealer of mysteries, since you have been able to reveal this mystery.' Then the king promoted Daniel and gave him many great gifts, and he made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon and chief prefect over all the wise men of Babylon. And Daniel made request of the king, and he appointed Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego over the administration of the province of Babylon, while Daniel was at the king's court.
It was very good that Nebuchadnezzar gave God the glory for revealing his dream to him. However, he had much more to learn about Daniel's God before it was all over. As for Daniel, from this point on he would be promoted to hold the highest office in the administration of Nebuchadnezzar. Then, under the kings that would follow, Daniel would hold high office under them as well. When God exalts a man or woman, they are exalted indeed.
Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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